Common Tennis Injuries

Despite the fact that tennis is a relatively safe sport when compared to soccer or even basketball, injuries do occur. Below are some of the most common tennis injuries:

TENNIS ELBOW

Tennis elbow is a common condition which develops as a result of overusing the muscles that bend the wrist backwards. Since these muscles are used every time a tennis ball hits the racquet, tennis elbow condition can be prevented by strengthening the wrist muscles and using the proper technique.

SPRAINED ANKLES

Sprained ankles are other common tennis injuries which arise as a result of sudden sideways movements, especially if the court is slippery. Symptoms of sprained ankles include painful joints which are also swollen because of the bleeding that occurs when the ligaments are damaged. Sprained ankles can be prevented by applying an ankle brace.

SHOULDER BURSITIS

Shoulder bursitis is another unrare tennis injury which develops as a result of repeated tennis strokes like the serve. Symptoms of this condition include pain in the shoulder joint. Shoulder bursitis can be prevented by exercising the shoulder muscles to improve their flexibility and strength.

CALF STRAIN

Calf strain is another relatively common tennis injury which arises when the calf muscles are torn after being forcibly stretched. This usually occurs when the tennis player makes quick and sudden moves to react to an opponent’s shot. Calf strains can be prevented by warming the muscles effectively before a game, which can be done by doing jumping jacks or jogging.

STRESS FRACTURES

Stress fractures of the lumbar spine or lower back are other common injuries that tend to develop in adolescent tennis players. These injuries arise when training is rapidly increased because when the muscles tire, the stress is transferred to the bones which may not be able to quickly adjust to it and therefore they crack.

Symptoms of stress fractures include lower back pain, which is worsened by bending backwards when serving. Back stress fractures can be prevented by learning how to serve under an experienced coach to ensure the correct technique is used. Strength and endurance training exercises should also be done to reduce the risk of developing back problems while playing tennis.

Written by: Marian Kim, FizzNiche Staff Writer

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Preventing Knee Injuries

OutchKnee injuries in children and adolescent are very common. Since April is Sports Injury Prevention month we wanted to provide you with some great information from www.stopsportsinjuries.org about common knee injuries and how to prevent them.

Knee injuries in children and adolescent athletes may be the result of acute, traumatic injuries, such as a sudden fall, or chronic, repetitive overuse injuries. occasionally, a knee injury may be the result of a combination of both factors—an athlete may have a chronic problem that suddenly becomes worse due to an acute traumatic event. these injuries may result in various symptoms including pain, instability, swelling, and stiffness.

What are Common Knee Injuries?

Pain Syndromes

One of the most common causes of knee pain in young athletes is called patellofemoral pain syndrome. This condition, involving pain in the front of the knee, is related to overuse of the patellofemoral joint the joint between the kneecap (patella) and thighbone. Though this condition is often called runner’s knee, it can also be caused by a direct blow to the kneecap.

Pain in the front of the knee can also be caused by patellar tendinitis (jumper’s knee), which causes pain in the patellar tendon that connects the patella to the tibia (shinbone). The patellar tendon attaches to a bump on the tibia called the tibial tubercle. In growing athletes, pain in this area, called Osgood-Schlatter disease, is due to irritation of the growth plate.

Ligament and Cartilage Injuries

One of the most common ligament knee injuries is a sprain of the medial collateral ligament (MCL). A sprain refers to a ligament injury and a strain refers to a tendon or muscle injury. All sprains are graded on a scale of one to three; grade three sprains are complete tears. An MCL sprain is on the inside (medial) side of the knee, and often occurs when an athlete is hit on the outside (lateral side) of the knee, forcing the knee inward. Most MCL sprains can be treated without surgery.

An injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) usually occurs as a result of a twisting or pivoting motion. This injury may cause susceptibility to repeat injuries and knee instability, and therefore often requires surgery. Occasionally, a twisting or hyperextension force to the knee may result in a tibial spine fracture. Essentially, this is the same mechanism that causes an ACL injury, but instead of causing injury to the ligament itself, the bone where the ligament attaches is pulled off. This fracture often requires surgery but may be treated in a cast.

Although rare in children, young athletes may injure their meniscus, a type of cartilage that cushions and stabilizes the joint. All knees have two menisci—the medial meniscus on the inside of the knee and the lateral meniscus on the outside of the knee. Meniscal tears usually result from a forceful injury and often accompany ligament tears such as ACL tears. These injuries usually require surgery. In addition, some children are born with an abnormal meniscus, known as a discoid meniscus, which is bigger than a normal meniscus and more prone to tearing.

When Should My Child Seek Medical Care?

Injuries in childhood sports are common, but luckily most knee problems heal with rest and do not need intensive medical intervention such as surgery. As a general guideline, any knee injury that results in a visible deformity or inability of the athlete to put weight on the leg should be brought to the attention of a medical professional. For all other knee injuries, it is appropriate for the athlete to rest for two or three days. Elevation and ice are helpful for the first 24 to 48 hours. If the problem persists for more that a few days despite rest, seek medical treatment. As always, if you have any concerns seek medical treatment.

Full article and source: http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/knee-injury-prevention.aspx

 

 

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How to Prevent and Spot Overuse Injuries in Kids

Pixmac000085722326April is Youth Sport Safety Month, so we want to spread the word about the importance of keeping your child safe when playing sports.

Go to www.stopsportsinjuries.org for some great information about detecting injuries and preventing them. Below are some tips on how to prevent and spot overuse injuries in kids.

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Spring/Summer Sports Concussion Safety Tips

Football HelmetWhen every new season rolls around, it’s the ideal time for a reality check to see if you, your child and coach are being “head smart” about concussion prevention and detection.

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Tips For Preventing Children’s Sports-Related Knee Injuries

BLD012493The occurrence of children’s sports-related knee injuries has dramatically increased in the last decade. This article will explain to parents the simple ways that they can help their children prevent them from happening.
Children in sports are more susceptible to sports-related knee injuries for these reasons:

  • Children are still growing, and each are at a different level of growth
  • Children mature at individual paces and are at varied sizes when in play with each other
  • Children have less coordination and slower reaction time than adults
  • Children may take unnecessary risks that may result in injuries

Parents must explain these risks to their children when they allow their children to become involved in sports. Here are several easy tips for parents to use to guide their children in preventing sports-related knee injuries:

Knee Injury Prevention Tips

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